€2,300.00 – €11,500.00
The amphetamines are indirect acting sympathomimetic amines and powerful central nervous system stimulants which are used in the therapy of attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity and narcolepsy. Amphetamines also have a potential for abuse and illicit forms of amphetamines constitute some of the most dangerous, but widely used drugs of abuse. High doses of amphetamines can be associated with liver injury and distinctive forms of clinically apparent liver injury which has been most commonly associated with methylenedioxymetamphetamine
Buy A-Oil Amphatamine Oil (A-OIL) , Synthetic drugs can be produced using a number of different production techniques, involving a range of different chemical precursor substances. The precursors needed to make amphetamine and methamphetamine overlap significantly, but are distinct from the precursors used to make MDMA. In Europe, and indeed globally, amphetamine is most frequently synthesised from benzyl methyl ketone (BMK) (). To make methamphetamine, although BMK may also be used, ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are more common. MDMA is primarily produced from piperonyl methyl ketone (PMK), which can also be produced from safrole (or oils rich in safrole) and piperonal (see Figure 6.2).
Several methods can be used to produce each drug, and these may vary depending on precursor availability. Precursors are evidently a precious commodity; the fact that no excess precursors are seized during raids on illicit production sites suggests that the exact volumes of precursors required are provided ‘on demand’ for each production batch (EMCDDA, 2016b). All methods also involve the use of additional chemicals and processes that are inherently dangerous. Furthermore, the waste generated by the production process is often disposed of unsafely, causing environmental harm (see box ‘Environmental impact’) and risk to public health and safety. For example, in August 2015, four children were taken to hospital with chemical burns after cycling through a pool of liquid caustic waste from a synthetic drug production site in Belgium (media report () and Belgian Federal Police, personal communication).
Amphetamine is a synthetic substance related to natural sympathomimetic amines. Amphetamine appears to exert its central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral effects indirectly by inducing the release of biogenic amines from their storage sites in nerve terminals. This agent is a commonly abused psychostimulant drug, which may be snorted, taken orally, smoked, or injected. Amphetamine induces psychologic dependence which is manifested by elevated mood, increased wakefulness, concentration, physical performance and a feeling of well-being. With sustained use, the effects of tachycardia and enhanced alertness diminish while psychotoxic effects such as hallucinations and delusions may occur. (NCI04)
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